About Burns: Causes

Burns tend to be caused by a variety of environmental factors:

  • The majority of burns are called flame burns since they're caused by fire. Contact with flame can cause direct injury to the skin and tissue.
  • A wound to the skin caused by a hot liquid is called a scald. The thicker the liquid and the longer its contact with the skin, the greater the scald.
  • Damage to the skin caused by a hot object is called a contact burn. In such instances, the burn is usually confined to the part of skin that touched the hot object. Examples are burns from cigarettes, irons, or cooking appliances.
  • Sunburn involves damage to the skin caused by ultraviolet rays, which are emitted from the sun.
  • Electrical burns are caused by currents of electricity. These burns are usually very deep and may cause severe damage to the skin and its underlying tissue.
  • Contact with flammable gases or liquids may cause chemical burns. Inhaling hot gases could damage the upper airways, making it difficult to breathe.

Learn more about First Aid