About Burns: Causes
Burns tend to be caused by a variety of environmental factors:
- The majority of burns are called flame burns since they're caused by fire. Contact with flame can cause direct injury to the skin and tissue.
- A wound to the skin caused by a hot liquid is called a scald. The thicker the liquid and the longer its contact with the skin, the greater the scald.
- Damage to the skin caused by a hot object is called a contact burn. In such instances, the burn is usually confined to the part of skin that touched the hot object. Examples are burns from cigarettes, irons, or cooking appliances.
- Sunburn involves damage to the skin caused by ultraviolet rays, which are emitted from the sun.
- Electrical burns are caused by currents of electricity. These burns are usually very deep and may cause severe damage to the skin and its underlying tissue.
- Contact with flammable gases or liquids may cause chemical burns. Inhaling hot gases could damage the upper airways, making it difficult to breathe.