About Low Back Pain: Treatment and Prevention
The best treatment for acute back pain caused by an injury is to avoid re-injuring the area. In the past, complete bed rest was advised. Modern treatment consists of rest combined with gentle activities. Keep the knees and hips slightly bent. Normally two to four days is enough, but more may be needed in the case of a slipped disc. You may need prescription painkillers if it really hurts. It's not good to stay bedridden too long - ask your doctor how much bed rest your injury needs. The goal is to resume normal activities as soon as possible.
A lumbosacral corset is a splint that goes around the waist and pelvis. It often helps to stabilize chronic ligament sprains and muscle strains in overweight people. The only cure for these problems, however, is to lose weight.
As well as losing weight, some people are advised to improve their posture, or lift weights to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the lower back. Strength training is a normal part of recovering from any muscle or ligament injury. But before embarking on a program, it's vital to discuss the activity first with your doctor and learn how to do the exercises properly.
Sometimes, slipped discs require surgery to decompress them. This may involve deliberately fusing two vertebrae together. The operation shouldn't restrict back movement in any noticeable way.
Osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis are treated with various drugs depending on the severity of the condition. Physiotherapy in combination with drug therapy is also helpful.
In some, even the most thorough investigations may not find signs of injury or disease. It's probably not wise to try treating back pain with osteopathy, massage, or manipulation without talking to your doctor first. These approaches will help many back problems, but they can damage the joints of people with arthritis. They can also aggravate a slipped disc.